Located in the central part of the Yangtze River Delta, Suzhou borders Shanghai on the east, Zhejiang Province on the south, Taihu Lake on the west and Yangtze River on the north. It has a riverbank that stretches 157.96 kilometers along the Yangtze. The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal passes through from north to south, and the Shanghai-Nanjing Intercity Railway, the Beijing-Shanghai Express Railway and the Shanghai-Nanjing Expressway traverse from east to west.
Being the famous water town in southern China that reaches the Yangtze River Delta, Suzhou’s area is 8657.32 square kilometers, with 36.6 per cent of its land covered by rivers, lakes and intertidal zones. Suzhou’s household population is 7.226 million and had a permanent resident population of 10.75 million in 2019.
Situated in the subtropical zone, Suzhou enjoys warm and humid coastal climate. It has four distinctive seasons in which winter and summer are long while spring and autumn are short. The city’s terrain is low and flat, with rivers and harbors intersecting with a network of canals and lakes. Its fertile land is rich with agricultural produce.
Suzhou was one of China’s earliest historical and cultural cities and it is a major tourist city. Its history dates back to over 2,500 years ago when King He Lu of Wu established the city in 514 BC. The ancient city is still located on the original site and preserves its layout with its network of canals and rivers that creating a unique three-dimensional landscape which comprises of the nine classical gardens of Suzhou and Grand Canal that are recognised by UNESCO as World Heritage sites.
Suzhou has attracted generations of great minds in history, from gardening, architecture, arts, crafts, painting and also in the modern sciences and engineering – it is known as the “Hometown of Scholars” and “Hometown of Academicians”.
In May 2023, Suzhou will host the TotalEnergies BWF Sudirman Cup, which will attract 16 teams that will compete for the World Mixed Team Championships title.